For the detection of Travelling Ionospheric disturbances, eight complementary methodologies are applied in the TechTIDE project with real-time and historical data from Digisonde DPS4D ionospheric sounders, from the Continuous Doppler Sounding System and from GNSS receivers.

  1. HF-TID method
  2. CDSS-MSTID detection method
  3. GNSS TEC gradient algorithms
  4. Spatial and Temporal GNSS analysis
  5. The AATR indicator
  6. HF Interferometry method
  7. HTI technique to monitor wave activity
  8. TaD 3D mapping of the electron density

7. HTI technique to monitor wave activity

(Haldoupis et al., 2006)

Figure 7: Digisonde HTI plot over Nicosia on March 7, 2016.

The height-time-reflection intensity (HTI) methodology is similar to the technique producing range-time intensity (RTI) radar displays within a given time interval. The application of this method in the frames of the project will enable the identification and tracking of the TID activity over each Digisonde station by using the actual ionograms produced over each station. This technique considers an ionogram as a ‘‘snapshot’’ of reflected intensity as a function of height and Digisonde signal frequency, and uses a sequence of ionograms to compute an average HTI plot, (for a given frequency bin) that is essentially a 3-D plot of reflected signal-to-noise ratio in dB as a function of height within a given time interval; this display, which can be either color- or shade-coded, reveals dynamic changes in the ionosphere. Typical output of the Nicosia Digisonde HTI software is presented in Figure 7, demonstrating TID-like variations, for 7 March 2016. It corresponds to a Digisonde frequency band, of 1.5–3.0 MHz. By considering the points of strongest signal reflection (indicated by black dots in the figure) spectral analysis will be performed to infer the periodicity of the dominant wave activity over each Digisonde station.

Haldoupis, C., Meek, C., Christakis, N., Pancheva, D., Bourdillon, A., 2006.Ionogram height–time–intensity observations of descending sporadic E layers at mid- latitude. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics 68, 539–557.

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